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Use of coronary stents – material and biophysical conditions

Keywords: Biomaterials , Cr-Ni-Mo steel , Corrosion resistance , Electrical properties , Coronary stents

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Abstract:

Purpose: The paper discusses application issues of using the metallic implants for treatment of the cardiovascular diseases. The analysis of the biophysical conditions of the heart – coronary vessels system has been used to distinguish the tissue environment properties which should be compatible with properties of the metal biomaterial and stent’s surface. On this basis the author presented results of experiments concerning the usefulness of the passive-carbon layer for surface treatment of vascular stents made of stainless steel.Design/methodology/approach: In order to determine the usefulness of the layer for implants in cardiology the following tests were carried out on the layer: structure, thickness, corrosion resistance, electrical properties and biocompatibility in experimental animals. The structure and thickness of the layer were tested in high resolution transmission electron microscope. Corrosion resistance was carried out by recording anodic polarization curves. Methodology of measurements took into consideration both implantation conditions and application of vascular stents. In tests concerning electrical properties of the layer, current-potential as well as capacity-potential characteristics were determined.Findings: The passive-carbon layer of nanocrystlline structure and high smoothness created on coronary stents’ surface fully ensures pitting corrosion resistance in both implantation and application conditions.Research limitations/implications: Deposition of the dielectric carbon layer on coronary stents’ made of stainless steel is effective method of reducing reactivity of their surface in blood environment and blood clotting in consequence.Originality/value: The need to determine the correct quality and properties of coronary stents was indicated. The properties refer to stents’ design, physio-chemical properties of the metallic biomaterial and its surface.

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