In the rural areas of northern China, the percentage of traditional energy in total energy consumption remains at a high level while the proportion of high-efficient energy and renewable energy is still low. Improving energy efficiency and utilization of renewable energy contributes to improving the sustainable development of rural household energy. Based on descriptive research, relational research and case study etc, this document aims to develop a guide of sustainable practice for rural household energy in northern China. It will be considered for increasing energy efficiency and using renewable energy. Also, it will evaluate the advantages of sustainable development of rural household energy from economic, social and environmental aspects and barriers to implementation of sustainable energy based on three factors: finance, policy and technique. Finally, conclusions and recommendations for sustainable strategies will be proposed to improve rural household energy practice.