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Timely Diagnosis of Left Ventricular Posterior Wall Rupture by Echocardiography: A Case Report

Keywords: Heart Rupture , Pericardial Effusion , Cardiac Tamponade

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Abstract:

Left ventricular free wall rupture is responsible for up to 10% of in-hospital deaths following myocardial infarction. It is mainly associated with posterolateral myocardial infarction, and its antemortem diagnosis is rarely made.One of the medical complications of myocardial infarction is the rupture of the free wall, which occurs more frequently in the anterolateral wall in hypertensives, women, and those with relatively large transmural myocardial infarction usually 1-4 days after myocardial infarction.We herein present the case of a 66-year-old man suffering inferior wall myocardial infarction with abrupt hemodynamicdecompensation 9 days after myocardial infarction. Emergent transthoracic echocardiography revealed massive pericardialeffusion with tamponade, containing a large elongated mass measuring 1 × 8cm suggestive of hematoma secondary to cardiac rupture. In urgent cardiac surgery, the posterior wall between the left coronary artery branches was ruptured.

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