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Análise de Produ o de Senten as Interrogativas Totais em Aprendizes Brasileiros de Espanhol como Língua Estrangeira

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Abstract:

The pitch curves in a language may represent not only distinct intonational patterns but also serve todifferentiate one type of sentence from another (e.g., interrogative x affirmative). Different melodiccurves may also contain linguistic information which can affect comprehension. One comparisonbetween Spanish and Portuguese can exemplify how differences in the melodic curves of interrogativesentences might cause miscomprehension. According to Sosa (1999) melodic curves of yes/noquestions in Spanish tend to end with a high melodic pattern (H) or with a high and low movement,depending on the dialect. On the other hand, Brazilian Portuguese yes/no questions are said to endwith a circumflex pattern, generally represented by a (HL) tone, especially when the last word of thesentence presents the stress in the penultimate syllable (Moraes and Collamarco, 2007). Taking thesefacts into consideration, this work aims at analyzing the pitch curves of interrogative sentences(yes/no questions) of Colombian Spanish and Brazilian Portuguese, which were ended by words withstress relying on the last, the penultimate or the antepenultimate syllables. In order to conduct theresearch, data was collected with two Brazilian learners of Spanish, one native speaker of ColombianSpanish and one native speaker of Brazilian Portuguese. The native speakers served as control group.The learners of Spanish were asked to read 15 sentences in Spanish, and the control group was askedto read the same set of questions in their respective native language. These questions werecontextualized as to be inserted in a situational context of a job interview (role play). All sentenceswere presented to the participants in a computer screen, in a randomized order. In total, the databasewas composed by 35 sentences in Spanish and 14 sentences in Brazilian Portuguese. The collecteddata was then analyzed in the software Praat through the algorithm Momel. This algorithm is able todraw the melodic contours of each sentence at a time. The algorithm Intsint was also used throughPraat in order to extract the melodic tones corresponding to each curve. The intonational patterns (innuclear and prenuclear regions) and the highest point of F0 in each sentence were analyzed. Resultsrelated to the sentences ended in words with stress in the last syllable showed that all subjectsproduced, predominantly, high ending patterns (H) in this type of sentences. Differences amongsubjects rely on the highest F0 point, which appeared with higher frequency in the nuclear region forthe native speaker of Colombian Spanish and fo

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