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ALTERNATIVE FORMS OF COMMUNICATION AMONG PERSONS WITH APHASIA

Keywords: aphasia , alternative and augmentative communication , Brokin's and Vernike's aphasia

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Abstract:

The aphasia is the most complicated and the most difficult form of disorder of speaking and language. Most often it appears as a consequence of a brain stroke. The occurrence of aphasias is in about one third of the patients suffering from a brain stroke in an acute phase, or from 21% to 24%, and there are data for even bigger frequency. In a certain number of patients the aphasia withdraws spontaneously, but in a bigger number of patients it takes over all four models of language activity; phoneme pronunciation, carrying out a discussion, writing a letter of a full text. It spreads from the automatic to the creative expression. The process of rehabilitation of the spoken communication at the persons with aphasia is complicated, multidisciplinary and long lasting.Around the World, a big accent is placed on the use of methods and strategies of alternative communication methods (AAK) for the persons with aphasia. Although the augmentative and the AAK methods for the persons with aphasia are relatively novel in the speech therapy, their applicability deserves an attention as well as the fact that they are promising new paths for researching.The master thesis is written on 104 pages, which include 35 tables and 48 graphics, as well as a glossary with 114 biographical units. The content is divided into introduction, grounding theory and methodology of research. The introduction shows the meaning and the necessity for research of alternative methods in the therapy and the treatment of persons with aphasia. The section with the theoretical grounds contains several mutually connected chapters (parts). In methodology of research section are described the subject of the research, the aim and the character of the research. Further the text contains the tasks, hypothesis, research variables, methods and techniques of the research, as well as the sample and the organization of the research. The end of the section consist the analysis and interpretation of the collected data, results of the research, discussion, verification of the hypothesis and conclusions. After the methodology section follows the section with future recommendations. The subject of the research is the analysis of the forms of AAK that the patients with Brokin's and Vernike's aphasia use in their everyday communication. The necessity of the forms of AAK can be used for developing and improving of the communicative abilities at the persons with aphasia. The aim of this research is to find the forms and strategies of AAK that will support and help in the communication of the persons with aphasia in th

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