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Decision-Directed Recursive Least Squares MIMO Channels Tracking

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A new approach for joint data estimation and channel tracking for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels is proposed based on the decision-directed recursive least squares (DD-RLS) algorithm. RLS algorithm is commonly used for equalization and its application in channel estimation is a novel idea. In this paper, after defining the weighted least squares cost function it is minimized and eventually the RLS MIMO channel estimation algorithm is derived. The proposed algorithm combined with the decision-directed algorithm (DDA) is then extended for the blind mode operation. From the computational complexity point of view being O3 versus the number of transmitter and receiver antennas, the proposed algorithm is very efficient. Through various simulations, the mean square error (MSE) of the tracking of the proposed algorithm for different joint detection algorithms is compared with Kalman filtering approach which is one of the most well-known channel tracking algorithms. It is shown that the performance of the proposed algorithm is very close to Kalman estimator and that in the blind mode operation it presents a better performance with much lower complexity irrespective of the need to know the channel model.


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