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Rapid Assessment of the Mental Health Service Delivery to Survivors of Bam Earthquake

Keywords: Rescuers , Mental Health Services Delivery , Natural Disaster , Earthquake

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Natural disasters cause millions of death and disability and major financial losses world wide every year. The major concern of our health system has already been to reduce physical mortality and morbidity. While such events may be a considerable source of stress for the survivors and cause serious and long-lasting psychiatric complications. The purpose of this study was to assess the function of rescuers in mental health service delivery to survivors of Bam earthquake in four steps; Rescuing, Emergency services, Transportation of the injured survivors and Treatment in the first 2 weeks after the earthquake. For reaching the purpose 4 groups of the survivors were selected: first group was the healthy survivors (>15 years) living in Bam after the earthquake, the second group was healthy survivors (<15 years) living in Bam after the earthquake, the third group was the injured survivors admitted in Kerman and Tehran hospitals and the last group was the Relatives who accompanied the injured survivors. 2 weeks after the earthquake a questionnaire including questions about, demographic data, function of rescuers in rescuing and emergency services steps, informing the survivors of their relatives condition and Condoling with the survivors and mental health services delivery was filled for each of the cases. In all groups, more than 85% of the cases who needed help and rescued from the load of the earthquake were rescued by their relatives and rescuers of the Red Crescent Society or other governmental organization just had a little portion (5%)in this field. Only 25%of the cases who needed help and rescuing from the load of the earthquake were rescued in the first hour after the earthquake. Only 40% of the cases were sympathized by their rescuers. About 65% of the cases had enough information about their relatives. 40% of the cases were prevented from crying by rescuers. Only 30% of the cases said that they knew addict individuals who were hot given alternative materials. 30/% of the children had played during 2 weeks after earthquake and 42/% of them had facilities for playing. Regarding to all studied groups rescue activities, primary care services and transfers have been performed by relatives and domestic people , therefore general training and organizing CBO (community Based organization) for providing services in disasters especially in regions which are at high risk of earthquake will be useful for reducing the injuries. According to this research rescuers are in serious need of training in mental health services and that major areas of education need ar


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