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To Study Pharmacognostic, Physicochemical and Phytochemical Study of Stem Bark of Bauhinia purpurea Linn

Keywords: Bauhinia purpurea , Phytochemical study , stem bark

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Abstract:

To present study was deals with the study of pharmacognostic and phytochemical analysis of stem bark of Bauhinia purpurea Linn, during the study the different parameter like Macroscopic and Microscopic, physico-chemical and Preliminary Phytochemical analysis of various extract of stem bark of Bauhinia Purpura Linn, during microscopic studies of authenticated plant Bauhinia purpurea linn stem bark was done with the help of Motic image plus 2.0 microscope. Microscopic studies of stem bark show the presence of cork (few layers polygonal tabular cells),cortex which having 10 to 12 parenchyma and stone cells layer (pericyclic) , pericyclic fibers (non-lignified), sclerides (sclerenchymatus cells), Medullary rays narrow at inner side ,wider in the sclerides band side, contains starch ,acicular raphides and oil cells was found to be Big –isolated.Pysicochemical investigation shows the total ash ,acid insoble ash,water soluble and alcohol soluble extractive value were 9.5%w/w,1.9% w/w and14% w/w ,6.6%w/w respectively.the preliminary phytochemical analysis reveleaved the presence of steroid, tannins, flavanoids, carbohydrate, protein and saponin. the pharmacognostic and phytochemical investigation of B. Purpurea for authentication and standardization of sample.

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