The ultimate goal of environmental impact assessment is to guarantee
that benefits generated by a development project will not cause highly negative
effects on the environment or public health. The fulfillment of this goal
depends on the willingness of proponents and society to cooperate. The
information management, its accessibility to community and the educational
level of participants are of great relevancy too. Cooperation is not always
attainable due to conflicts between individual and community interests. Conflict
leads to a variety of cooperative and non-cooperative responses, depending on
the information available to the actors. In order to capture the tendency in
which a community perceives the proposals, we introduced an information index.
We prove that computer models have a direct impact on this information index.
This computer-based approach, leads the EIA to the paradigm of adaptive
environmental assessment and management. To implement this, a system based on
artificial intelligence and game theory was used to resolve a study case of
conflict in groundwater management.
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