The aim of the present paper was to build on previous research that examined the association between religion and prejudice in Christians and Muslims from inside and outside the university context. The study included 211 Christian and 121 Muslim university students and 155 Christian and 220 Muslim non-students. An instrument for evaluating religious orientation was used as well as various measures of subjective religion, religious prejudice, right-wing authoritarianism, fundamentalism, frequency of prayer, dogmatism, literalism, beliefs, emotions, favourability and modern racism. The results were as follows: 1) in general, Muslims and/or non-university students were more likely to be more religious, fundamentalist, and authoritarian and to interpret religious texts more literally; 2) the variables that best predicted prejudice in the Christian sample were right-wing authoritarianism and fundamentalism. The predictors of prejudice in the Muslim sample were dogmatism and extrinsic and intrinsic religious orientations; 3) the Christian sample scored higher in the quest dimension which manifested as a dimension different from other religious orientations and variables.