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The Effect of Resveratrol on Bone Status in Rats with Bile Duct Obstruction

DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2013.31007, PP. 46-51

Keywords: Bone Metabolism, Rat, Resveratrol, Bile Duct Obstruction

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Abstract:

Objective: We studied the influence of bile duct obstruction (BDO) after 28 days on bone metabolism status and their modification by resveratrol in male Wistar rats. Methods: The rats were divided into 3 groups: Sham group with laparotomy and vehiculum application, group BDO—bile duct obstruction and vehiculum application, and group RBDO—bile duct obstruction and resveratrol application (10 mg/kg dose of resveratrol orally once daily). The bone mineral density (BMD; g/cm2) and body composition were measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. The physiccal strenght of femur was examined by controlled break biomechanical testing. The osteocalcin, procollagen type I N-terminal propeptide (PINP) and carboxy-terminal collagen crosslinks (CTX) were analysed by EIA in the bone tissue homogenate. Results: The total BMD was lower in group BDO (0.176 ± 0.005; p = 0.01) and R-BDO (0.181 ± 0.004; p = 0.052) vs Sham (0.209 ± 0.003). BMD of femur diaphysis in BDO group decreased significantly (p = 0.01) but not in R-BDO animals (p = 0.052). Body fat (g, median) was lower in BDO (19.0) and R-BDO (26.0) than in Sham (35.0). The force needed for fracture of femurs (N) significantly decreased in BDO (154 ± 6) and R-BDO (151 ± 13) vs Sham group (208 ± 7). The force needed for neck fracture decreased in BDO (105 ± 3) and R-BDO (115 ± 8) vs Sham (135 ± 9). The osteocalcin decrease in group R-BDO (2.9 ± 0.1) vs Sham (3.7 ± 0.4). Higher PINP/CTX were in BDO (20 ±

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