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Prevalência e fatores associados aos transtornos mentais comuns em residentes médicos e da área multiprofissional Prevalence and factors associated with commom mental disorders in medical and multiprofessional health residents

Keywords: Transtornos mentais , saúde mental , residência médica , educa o médica , Mental disorders , mental health , internship and residency , medical education

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OBJETIVO: Determinar a prevalência de transtornos mentais comuns (TMC) e sua associa o a fatores sociodemográficos e profissionais em residentes de medicina, enfermagem, nutri o e saúde coletiva da cidade do Recife (PE). MéTODOS: Estudo transversal foi conduzido, em 2007, envolvendo uma amostra aleatória de 178 residentes que responderam a quest es sociodemográficas e sobre a forma o profissional e ao Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20). Calcularam-se as prevalências de TMC e estimaram-se as raz es de prevalência (RP) e os intervalos de confian a. RESULTADOS: A prevalência total dos TMC foi de 51,1% e n o se observou associa o aos fatores sociodemográficos. A prevalência do evento foi 39% maior nos médicos que nos n o médicos (p = 0,049) e 46% maior em residentes médicos das especialidades cirúrgicas que entre os de enfermagem, nutri o e saúde coletiva (p = 0,048). Cinco das queixas do SRQ-20 foram mais frequentes no sexo feminino (p < 0,05). CONCLUS O: Os dados demonstram a elevada magnitude dos TMC nessa popula o, principalmente nos residentes médicos, e servem para educadores e gestores de servi os de saúde no sentido de viabilizar estratégias para prevenir e recuperar a qualidade de vida dos residentes. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of common mental disorders (CMD) and its association with sociodemographics and professionals resident in medicine, nursing, nutrition and public health from the city of Recife (PE). METHODS: A survey was conducted in 2007, involving a random sample of 178 residents, who responded to question about sociodemographics and professional training and the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20). The prevalence of CMD were calculated, also prevalence ratios (PR) and confidence intervals were estimated. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of CMD was 51.1%, and there was no association with sociodemographics factors. The prevalence of the event was 39% higher among the physicians than in the non-medical (p = 0,049) and 46% greater in the surgical specialties medical residents than among nursing, nutrition and public health (p = 0,048). Five of the SRQ-20 items were more frequent in female (p < 0,05). CONCLUSION: These findings indicate the high magnitude of CMD in this population, especially medical residents and serve to educators and managers of health services in order to define strategies to prevent and recover the mental health and the quality of life of the residents.

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