Singrauli is an opencast coal mining area where large scale mining activities are going on continuously, land use/land cover studies are of vital importance to observe the changes in the land use/land cover. The present study utilizes multi-spectral/multi-temporal data of Indian Remote Sensing Satellite (IRS) LISS II geocoded (FCC) of 4th May 1993 and LISS III of 4th May 2010 for thematic mapping. Survey of India toposheet 63L/12 on scale 1:50,000 were used for preparation of base map which was overlaid on the FCC for land use/land cover mapping through visual interpretation. Visual interpretation of satellite imagery led to the identification of 15 land use/land cover categories such as dense forest, open forest, open scrub, plantation, cultivated land, uncultivated land, mining pit, overburden dumps, wasteland and settlement. The ground truth verification was carried out in key areas to rectify the errors in generated maps and then land use/land cover maps were finalized. The comparative analysis of land use/land cover shows that dense forest has been degraded to open forest, open scrubs and mining pits due to the expansion of mining activity. Open scrubs has increased, overburden dumps has increased, settlement has also increased, cultivated land has decreased and changed into uncultivated land and wasteland. It has also been observed that the plantation has been done on overburden dumps and residential colonies of NCL and NTPC. It has been identified that the main drivers which has increased the rate of change in land use/land cover are mainly coal mining activities and industrial expansion.
A. N. Singh and J. S. Singh, “Experiments on Ecological Restoration of Coal Mine Spoil Using Native Trees in a Dry Tropical Environment, India: A Synthesis,” New Forests, Vol. 31, No. 1, 2006, pp 25-39.
N. F. Parks, G. W. Peterson and G. M. Baumer, “High Resolution Remote Sensing of Spatially and Spectrally Complex Coal Surface Mines of Central Pennsylvania: A Comparison between SPOT, MSS and Landsat-TM,” Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, Vol. 53, No. 4, 1987, pp 415-420.
F. G. Bell, S. E. T. Bullock, T. F. J. Halbich and P. Lindsey, “Environmental Impact Associated with an Abandoned Mine in the Witbank Coalfield, South Africa,” International Journal of Coal Geology, Vol. 45, No. 2-3, 2001, pp. 195-216. doi:10.1016/S0166-5162(00)00033-1
D. A. Robert, G. T. Bastitsa, S. L. G. Pereira, E. K. Walter and B. W. Nelson, “Change identification using Multitemporal Spectral Mixture Analysis – Application in Eastern Amazonian,” In: R. S. Lunetta and C. D. Alvidge, Eds., Remote Sensing and Change Detection Environmental Monitoring Methods and Application, Sleeping Bear Press Inc., Arendal, 1998.
A. Prakash and R. P. Gupta, “Land Use Mapping and Change Detection in a Coal Mining Area—A Case Study in the Jihar Coalfield, India,” International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 19, No. 3, 1998, pp. 391-410. doi:10.1080/014311698216053
V. M. Varghese, B. Rajan, A. P. Pradeepkumar and R. Stephen, “GIS-Based Land Use/Land Covers Change Characterization in the Humid Tropical Meenachil River Basin, Kerala South India,” Conference on Applied Geoinformatics for Society and Environment (AGSE), Arequipa, 3-6 August 2010, 6 pp.
B.B. Dhar, A. Jamal and S. Ratan, “Air Pollution Problem in an Indian Open Cast Coal Mining Complex: A Case Study,” International Journal of Surface Mining, Reclamation and Environment, Vol. 5, No. 2, 1991, pp. 83-88. doi:10.1080/09208119108944290
A. Manu, Y. A. Twumasi and T. L. Coleman, “Application of Remote Sensing and GIS Technologies to Assess the Impact of Surface Mining at Tarkwa, Ghana,” IEEE International IGARSS Proceedings of Geosciences and Remote Sensing Symposium, Anchorage, 20-24 September 2004.
P. Du, H. Zhang, P. Liu, K. Tan and Z. Yin, “Land Use/Land Cover Change in Mining Areas Using MultiSource Remotely Sensed Imagery,” International Workshop on Analysis of Multi-Temporal Remote Sensing Images, Leuven, 18-20 July 2007, pp. 1-7. doi:10.1109/MULTITEMP.2007.4293074
P. S. Dhinwa, S. K. Pathan, S. V. C. Sastry, M. Rao, K. L. Majumder, M. L. Chotani, J. P. Singh and R. L. P. Sinha, “Land Use Change Analysis of Bharatpur District Using GIS,” Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing, Vol. 20, No. 4, 1992, pp. 237-250. doi:10.1007/BF03001921
W.-B. Wu, J. Yao and T.-J. Kang, “Study on Land Use Change of the Coal Mining Area Based on TM Image,” Journal of Coal Science and Engineering, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2008, pp. 287-290. doi:10.1007/s12404-008-0062-9
S. Majumder and K. Sarkar, “Impact of Mining and Related Activities on Physical and Cultural Environment of Singurali Coalfield—A Case Study through Application of Remote Sensing Techniques,” International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 22, No. 1, 1994, pp. 45-56. doi:10.1007/BF03015119