The objective of this study was to determine the growth the imbu (Spondias tuberosa Arruda) is a native plants of the semi-arid region of the Brazilian Northeast, Brazil, and the 10 years. The study was conducted in the Caatinga Experimental Station, Embrapa Semi-Arid, Petrolina, and Pernambuco State, Brazil during the 1997 and 2007. The average height of the plants in the first one and the tenth year had been of 70.81 and 258.27 cm. The basal diameter and the circumference of stalk to the level of the ground had been, on average, of 10.39 and 35.26 cm, respectively. The plants had presented horizontal roots of 436.17 cm and vertical of 186.45 cm.