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Preparation and Thermal Sensitive Characteristics of the Co0.8Mn0.8Ni0.9Fe0.5O4 Nanometer Powders

DOI: 10.3724/sp.j.1077.2009.01008

Keywords: NTC thermistor , nano-powders , co-precipitation , resisitivity

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Abstract:

Nano-powders of Co0.8Mn0.8Ni0.9Fe0.5O4 NTC (Negative Temperature Coefficient) thermistor materials were prepared by co-precipitation method with NH4HCO3 as precipitator. The effects of calcination temperature on the material phase were studied. The influences of different sintering processes on the microstructure and thermal sensitive characteristics of NTC thermistor materials were investigated. The samples were characterized by XRD, TG/DTA, FT-IR, SEM, and Laser Particle Size Analyzer. The results show that the powders calcined at 750 re single spinel, the grain size of the powders is about 32.1nm, and the particle size is about 50-100nm. The samples possess better electrical properties: | SUB>25 亯SUB>=1183| ¤cm, B25/50=3034K under the process conditions of constant temperature 840 nd 1200 or 2h respectively, the heating and cooling rate of 1 in. It is found that proper sintering process can effectively improve the microstructure and thermal sensitive properties of the NTC thermistor materials. According to the calculation from the slope of ln| 1/T curves, the activation energy is about 0.26eV.

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