Moth bean is a drought tolerant pulse crop grown in arid and semiarid regions of India. Genetic variability for yield and itscomponent characters was studied in moth bean germplasm collected from different geographical regions of India. Analysis ofvariance showed the presence of significant variability among the genotypes studied and for all the traits excluding 100 seedweight. The estimates of PCV and GCV were high for plant height, primary branches per plant, secondary branches per plant,100 seed weight, pods per plant and seed yield per plant. High heritability and Genetic Advance was observed for days to 50 percent flowering, plant height, secondary branches per plant, pod length, pods per plant and seed yield characters studied offeringscope for improvement of these traits through simple selection.