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Determinant Factors of Technical-Tactical Combinations Frequency in standing position during Womens World Senior Championships 2009 FACTORES DETERMINANTES DE LA FRECUENCIA DE COMBINACIONES TéCNICO/TáCTICAS EFECTIVAS EN LA LUCHA DE PIE DURANTE EL CAMPEONATO DEL MUNDO SENIOR FEMENIL 2009

Keywords: Combinaciones Técnico-Tácticas , Reglamento , Lucha Femenil , Análisis Factorial , Efectividad

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Objective. To classify the perfomance of world class women wrestlers as the frequency and characteristics of their Technical-Tactical Combinations (TTC) with effectiveness in the standing position during the most important competition on the international calendar 2009. Methods. In the TTC were characterized all standing position effectives by a sample of 70 wrestlers, occupants of the top 10 in each of the 7 weight categories convened. Descriptive variables were used 5 of effectiveness, technical group, and characteristics of its phases. Variables were obtained determining the effectiveness, measured the "success rate" achieved by each fighter, all through factor analysis. Later wrestlers were classified by cluster analysis by Ward's method. Results. The most important factor related to get a medal was the execution of legs attacks of with several possible endings started with almost no contact with the opponent, followed by the use of low-risk attacks launched from a firm grip. The wrestlers opted mostly for defense and counter low risk. Most of the competitors who had good results using several and alternative projections also managed to end their attacks. Conclusions. Characterization Model used and the factors of effectiveness in the fight standing obtained provided detailed explanations of the performance characteristics of the best wrestlers in the Senior World Championships 2009. The design of this research can be applied year after year in both freestyle and women's. Key words: Technical - Tactical Combinations, Rules, Fighting Women, Factor Analysis and Effectiveness Resumen Objetivo. Clasificar la actuación de luchadoras de nivel internacional según la frecuencia y características de sus Combinaciones Técnico/Tácticas (CTT) efectivas en posición de pie durante la competencia más importante del calendario internacional 2009. Metodología. Fueron caracterizaron todas las CTT efectivas en posición de pie realizadas por una muestra de 70 luchadoras, ocupantes de los primeros 10 lugares en cada una de las 7 divisiones de peso convocadas. Fueron utilizadas 5 variables descriptoras de la efectividad, grupo técnico, y características de sus fases. Se obtuvieron variables determinantes de la efectividad, medida ésta con la "frecuencia de éxitos" conseguida por cada luchadora, todo ello mediante análisis factorial. Posteriormente se clasificaron las luchadoras mediante análisis de conglomerados jerárquicos por el método de Ward. Resultados. El factor más importante relacionado con la obtención de medalla fue la ejecución de ataques a una y

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