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Efficiency of Different Pollination Treatments on Solanaceae Yields Grown in Plastic House

Keywords: Pollination , Apis mellifera , eggplant , sweet pepper , chili pepper , Bombus terrestris

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Abstract:

The experiments were conducted to study the performance of Bombus terrestris L. and Apis mellifera L. different nuclei as pollinators on quality and quantity of the egg plant, sweet and chili pepper crops grown in plastic house compared with control. Bees showed no problem in visiting flowers at a temperature range between 16 and 36°C during daytime. Two honeybee nuclei pollinated plants produced significantly higher yield than the other treatments. Each section demarcated 15 plants labeled inflorescence; fruit set percentages for eggplant were 66, 59, 52 and 30%, for sweet pepper were 82, 69, 55 and 49% and for chili pepper were 83, 75, 61 and 35%, for the two honeybees nuclei, one honeybees nuclei, bumblebees and control treatments, respectively. The average weight and length of individual fruits collected randomly from the demarcated plant were higher for two honeybee’s nuclei, one honeybee’s nuclei, bumblebees and control treatments, respectively. Moreover, fruits average number related to the weight showed significant differences among the four treatments, lower fruits number and high weight for two honeybees’ nuclei and vice versa for control treatment. In conclusion, treatment of Solanaceous plants with honeybee’s nuclei increased fruits quality, quantity and exhibited better appearance.

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