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Bells test: A cross-cultural study between Brazil and Mexico

Keywords: visual attention , culture , neuropsychological assessment , cross-cultural neuropsychology , healthy adults , cancelation test , Bells Test

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Abstract:

The aim of the present study was to investigate if there are differences between Brazilian and Mexican subjects on the Bells Test (BT), using two versions of the instrument with different levels of difficulty. Also to investigate the possibility of interaction between cultural role and the strategies used, as well as visual field at first bell canceled. Seventy eight neurologically healthy participants were included in two groups: (1) n=39 Brazilian subjects and (2) n=39 Mexican subjects with ages between 19 and 75 years old and 9 years of formal education at least. No group differences were found on performance in both versions of the BT. In both groups, there was a greater tendency to start the task in the left visual field as well as follow a pattern of organized search. According to results, other variables could differentiate performances on this test but not a general cultural as nationality. For further research it is suggested that samples be increased and include participants with low education to understand the visual search process in this populations

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