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Signótica  1997 

ORALIDADE E ESCRITA Oral and Written

DOI: 10.5216/sig.v9i1.7396

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Abstract:

Partindo da premissa de que n £o e poss -vel analisar as rela § μes entre l -ngua falada e l -ngua escrita centrando-se apenas no c 3digo ling -stico, este ensaio considera a produ § £o discursiva em seu todo como uma pr tica social e analisa os contextos de produ § £o, os usos e as formas de transmiss £o da oralidade e da escrita na vida di ria. Para isso prop μe a dupla distin § £o entre: (a) oralidade e letramento como pr ticas sociais e (b)fala e escrita como modalidades de uso, recaindo a primeira na observa § £o da realidade sociocomunicativa e, a segunda na an lise de fatos ling -sticos. Identifica, assim, as diversas tend ancias te 3ricas atuais no trato da quest £o e postula uma perspec -tiva que recusa toda e qualquer vis £o dicot ′mica e simplista, adotando como posi § £o adequada a rela § £o multifatorial entre as duas pr ticas dentro de um cont -nuo de usos e g aneros textuais, negando propriedades intr -nsecas, positivas ou negativas, imanentes oralidade ou escrita. Based on the premise that it is not possible to analyze the relation between oral and written language by concentrating only on the linguistic code, this essay considers the totality of discursive production as a social practice and analyzes the contexts of production, the uses and forms of oral and written transmission in daily life. To this end a double distinction is proposed between: (a) orality and literacy as social practices, and (b) speech and writing as modes of use. The first distinction is based on the observation of sociocommunicative reality and the second, on linguistic facts. Several current theoretical tendencies are examined. All perspectives that polarize the relation between oral and written language are rejected, while a position focusing on the multifactorial relati -on between the two practices within a continuum of uses and genres that rejects intrin -sic properties, both negative and positive, of these practices, is adopted.

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