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Application of tomographic algorithms to Polar Mesospheric Cloud observations by Odin/OSIRIS

DOI: 10.5194/amtd-5-3693-2012

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Abstract:

Limb-scanning satellites can provide global information about the vertical structure of Polar Mesospheric Clouds. However, information about horizontal structures usually remains limited. This is due to both a long line of sight and a long scan duration. On eighteen days during the Northern Hemisphere summers 2010–2011 and the Southern Hemisphere summer 2011/2012, the Swedish-led Odin satellite was operated in a special mesospheric mode with short limb scans limited to the altitude range of Polar Mesospheric Clouds. For Odin's Optical Spectrograph and InfraRed Imager System (OSIRIS) this provides multiple views through a given cloud volume and, thus, a basis for tomographic analysis of the vertical/horizontal cloud structure. Here we present algorithms for tomographic analysis of mesospheric clouds based on maximum probability techniques. We also present results of simulating OSIRIS tomography and retrieved cloud structures from the special tomographic periods.

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