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Comparison of central versus peripheral delivery of pregabalin in neuropathic pain states

DOI: 10.1186/1744-8069-8-3

Keywords: neuropathic pain, pregabalin, diabetic peripheral neuropathy, spinal nerve ligation

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Abstract:

We used intranasal, intrathecal, and near-nerve chamber forms of delivery of varying concentrations of pregabalin or saline delivered over 14 days in rat models of experimental diabetic peripheral neuropathy and spinal nerve ligation. As well, radiolabelled pregabalin was administered to determine localization with different deliveries. We evaluated tactile allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia at multiple time points, and then analyzed harvested nervous system tissues for molecular and immunohistochemical changes in CaVα2δ-1 protein expression. Both intrathecal and intranasal pregabalin administration at high concentrations relieved NeP behaviors, while near-nerve pregabalin delivery had no effect. NeP was associated with upregulation of CACNA2D1 mRNA and CaVα2δ-1 protein within peripheral nerve, dorsal root ganglia (DRG), and dorsal spinal cord, but not brain. Pregabalin's effect was limited to suppression of CaVα2δ-1 protein (but not CACNA2D1 mRNA) expression at the spinal dorsal horn in neuropathic pain states. Dorsal root ligation prevented CaVα2δ-1 protein trafficking anterograde from the dorsal root ganglia to the dorsal horn after neuropathic pain initiation.Either intranasal or intrathecal pregabalin relieves neuropathic pain behaviours, perhaps due to pregabalin's effect upon anterograde CaVα2δ-1 protein trafficking from the DRG to the dorsal horn. Intranasal delivery of agents such as pregabalin may be an attractive alternative to systemic therapy for management of neuropathic pain states.Neuropathic pain is a consequence of nerve damage or disease in the central and/or peripheral nervous system such as with diabetes and trauma. The clinical presentation of neuropathic pain includes hyperalgesia, allodynia, and spontaneous pain [1]. Its high prevalence in humans [2-4] has led to the development of a number of animal models of neuropathic pain, including diabetic peripheral neuropathy and spinal nerve ligation.Changes within the nervous system associated with

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