Bourdieu is an exceptional reader of the works of art from a sociological perspective and social structures themselves, as are represented in these works. His approach is to interpret the style itself with social structures in mind. Not surprisingly, he speaks of social strategies of writing. It’s the strategy to be adopted and defined as social structural constraints of the field, but, besides these social strategies of writing, there is no doubt, and personal strategies of writing, only giving them a unique account of the writer. The concepts that Bourdieu introduce to analyze the literature : field, habitus, culture capital, symbolic capital, managed to minimize the contrast between internal reading of a work and its external reading, that her explanation is through the social conditions of production and consumption.This study examines Bourdieu’s methodology for analysing literary works, and demonstrates that it offers genuine insights for those involve in literary study. It will show that Bourdieu’s sociology accords literature a privileged status in struggles for political and aesthetic autonomy. This study also examines how Bourdieu understood the relationship between literature and politics.