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La recepción del Pragmatismo por la Escuela de Frankfurt: los aportes de John Dewey y Max Horkheimer

Keywords: pragmatism , Critical Theory , Frankfurt School , democracy , anti-fundamentalism , experience , society

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Abstract:

In this paper I will analyze the conditions under which pragmatism was received and interpreted in Germany. More precisely, I will try to highlight the conditions and main characteristics sustained by the early interpretation of pragmatism in Germany, interpretation that had created the conditions of reception for the Frankfurt School and, specially, for Max Horkheimer in his “Eclipse of Reason”. An approach to the works of John Dewey and Max Horkheimer will be crucial to the objectives, and the contributions of Hans Joas related to the relation between pragmatism and Critical Theory will be addressed as a primary reference. Finally, I will argue that a sort of democratic experimentalism comes in the Deweyan democratic pragmatism as a form of ethical, moral and political anti-fundamentalism with meaningful significance in contemporary democratic practices.

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