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Starring home adressed to the caregiver after a stroke hemiplegic

Keywords: Hemiplegia , moving and lifting patients , physical therapy (specialty) , caregivers , home nursing.

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Abstract:

The incidence of cerebrovascular disease in Spain ranges between 120 and 350 cases per 100.000 inhabitants. The incidence is lower in women (169/100.000) than men (183-364/100.000). It is the leading cause of death in Spain by specific entities in women and the third in men.The main complication, hemiplegic, resulting in functional sequelae, they are going to affect both the patient and the relatives with whom he lives (sometimes is a family trauma, because the patient may need constant care). The figure of the caregiver at these cases is important because the recovery period may be extended in time or even undefined.The objective of this protocol is to improve the caregiver labour so that adequate hygienic postural measures should be taken at home in order to prevent side effects such as pressure ulcers, stiffness or deformities that worsen the diagnosis and quality of life of the person affected.Finally, we may add that following these rules contributes to the functional improvement of these patients, since it provides propioceptive information, it raises awareness of body image, decrease the muscle hypertonus as well as it helps a good gait pattern and contributes to prevent the onset of shoulder pain which is so common in this disease.

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