Irrigation is identified as a decisive factor in Indian agriculture due to high variability and inadequacy of rainfall. Irrigation is essential for successful agriculture particularly in the area, where rainfall is inadequate uncertain, and unpredictable. These areas are prone to drought and famine condition due to partial failure and delayed arrival or early withdrawal of monsoon. Importance of irrigation has substantially increased after the adoption of High yielding varieties in developing countries. Irrigation is basic determinants of Agriculture because its inadequacies are the most powerful constraints on increase of Agricultural production. In the study region the variation of an annual rainfall from year to year is fairly large. The rainfall is irregular and uncertain in the Study region, here agriculture is gamble with monsoon. If rainfall is scare it results into crop failure. For the assure agriculture production irrigation is most important factor. There fore attempt is made here to examine the impact of irrigation on agriculture productivity in Solapur district.