In this study, we have a probe into psychological training for professionalization development of college teachers. Professional quality is the key element of the quality structure of teachers as well as a major indicator of the professionalized level of teachers. The development of teacher professionalization is influenced by personal factors, school factors, governments’ educational policies, the society’s cognition and location of teachers’ roles and many other factors; the dominant influencing factors under the specific conditions in different periods are various and we shall understand the main factors influencing the development of professionalization under specific conditions to promote the professional development of teachers. With the acceleration of social development, psychological factors, among the personal factors come to play a supporting and dominating role in the development of teacher professionalization, which influence the speed and professionalized level of teachers’ professionalization development. Therefore, the exploration and research into the establishment of a psychological training system in the professionalization development of college teachers is of vital importance for the development of teacher professionalization.