Introduction: The soft tissue sarcomas (SPM) accounts for only 1% of malignant tumors of the adult population. The SPM is the most frequent malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) that exhibits behavior characterized by the tendency to invasion of adjacent tissue and metastatic spread early. One of its variants is the atypical fibroxanthoma (FA). Objective: To describe a case of probable recurrence of AF underwent surgical treatment and presentation of a literature review. Case report: Patient female, 63 years, presenting with a mass in the face about four inches and a history of prior resection of the lesion in the same topography. The patient underwent surgical resection with a diagnosis of AF. Conclusion: The FA is a rare tumor histological diagnosis difficult. The correct histological diagnosis and patient follow-up are essential.