In this study, it is aimed to rethinking about childhood as a social category. Old childhood paradigm embedded children in bottom step of social status as little adults of daily living. Lower status of children obliged them to live in unfavourable conditions. Today's social inequalities and risks due to these inequalities is a basis for childhood to be redefined and restructured. The need for defining the childhood in a social category level and changing their existent status will be preliminary in terms of modern childhood paradigm.