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Fully covered self-expanding metal stents in the management of difficult common bile duct stones Prótesis metálicas autoexpandibles totalmente recubiertas en el tratamiento de coledocolitiasis difíciles

Keywords: CPRE , Coledocolitiasis difíciles , Prótesis plásticas biliares , Prótesis metálicas autoexpandibles totalmente recubiertas , ERCP , Difficult common bile duct stones , Biliary plastic stents , Fully covered self-expanding metal stents

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Abstract:

Background and objectives: plastic biliary stents are often used after an ERCP session without complete common bile duct stones (CBDS) extraction. Sometimes, the volume of biliary drainage with these stents may be insufficient. We present our experience with the use of fully covered self-expanding metal stents (FCSEMS) in the setting of incomplete CBDS extraction. Patients and methods: after an ERCP session with difficult CBDS not completely removed, biliary FCSEMS (Wallflex) were inserted in some patients when it was deemed that biliary sphincterotomy and a single plastic stent would not provide an adequate drainage. Results: a retrospective study was performed. Biliary FCSEMS were inserted in 29 patients, mean age 81 years. CBDS could not be extracted through a biliary sphincterotomy due to its large size (n = 18) or because of the presence of inflammatory distal strictures (n = 11). The greatest biliary drainage with shortest ERCP time was considered mandatory due to clinical instability of patients and/or poor tolerance to conscious sedation administered by the endoscopist. Successful biliary drainage was obtained in all cases. FCSEMS were removed after a median of 199.5 days in 16 patients with a complete CBDS extraction in 15 (93.7%). FCSEMS were not removed in the remaining 13 patients due to their clinical condition, and a wait-and-see strategy was undertaken. Conclusions: in selected cases, utilization of removable FCSEMS can be a good option for a quick and adequate biliary drainage in the setting of difficult CBDS. Because of the higher cost of these stents its use needs to be individualized. Introducción y objetivos: las prótesis biliares plásticas suelen emplearse tras una sesión de CPRE sin extracción completa de coledocolitiasis. En ocasiones, el calibre de drenaje con estas prótesis puede ser insuficiente. Presentamos nuestra experiencia en la utilización de prótesis metálicas autoexpandibles totalmente recubiertas (PMATR) en coledocolitiasis no extraídas. Pacientes y métodos: se insertó una PMATR (Wallflex biliar) en algunos pacientes con coledocolitiasis difíciles no extraídas tras una sesión de CPRE cuando se consideró que la esfinterotomía biliar y una prótesis plástica no aportaban un calibre de drenaje adecuado. Resultados: estudio retrospectivo en el que se utilizó una PMATR en 29 pacientes, edad media 81 a os. Las coledocolitiasis no pudieron extraerse por la esfinterotomía biliar debido a su gran tama o (n = 18) o por la presencia de estenosis distal inflamatoria (n = 11). Se consideró que era preciso el mayor drenaje biliar con

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