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Química Nova  2001 

Glicídios no mel

Keywords: honey , carbohydrates , nectar

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Abstract:

A review about composition, origin and importance of carbohydrates in honey is presented. Fructose and glucose are the major carbohydrates, ranging from 65-85 % of the total soluble solids. Other minor carbohydrates, chiefly di- and trisaccharides, have been also identified. Fructose, glucose and sucrose are mainly originated from nectar. Oligosaccharides are mainly formed by trans-alpha-D-glucosylation reactions catalysed by honeybee alpha-D-glucosidase. The profile of carbohydrates can be useful for the identification of the brazilian region in which honey was produced and may also be useful for testing brazilian honey authenticity.

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