Fishing is one of the oldest means of livelihood of mankind and fisheries sectors play an important role in the national economy and in the socio-economic development of in India. West Bengal is one of the leading fish producing states in the country and the largest producer of fish seeds in the country. Fishery-related livelihoods are complex, dynamic and adaptive. A livelihood comprises the assets (natural, physical, human, financial and social capital), the activities and the access to these (mediated by institutions and social relations) that together determine the living gained by the individual or households. This paper is an attempt to focus on fisheries livelihoods in West Bengal. This study is based on secondary sources of data. The results show that fisheries livelihoods are more popular in southern districts in the state and it is less popular in the northern part of the states.