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Sequence Characterization of matrix protein (M1) in influenza A viruses (H1, H3 and H5)

DOI: 10.4081/mr.2011.e16

Keywords: influenza virus A , H1N1 , H3N2 , H5N1 , matrix protein (M1)

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Abstract:

This study brings the analysis of amino acid sequences of matrix protein (M1) from the influenza virus A (H1N1, H3N2 and H5N1) during 2007-2208. 741 sequences of M1 were compared, of them, H1N1 388; H3N2 251 and H5N1 102. Even though, the M1 is relatively conserved among the influenza A viruses, we found some variations in the M1 among the viruses, H1N1, H3N2 and H5N1. The nuclear localization signal at amino acid 101 to 105 is RKLKR for H1N1 and H3N2, but for H5N1 is KKLKR. All differences of amino acid in M1 of H1, H3 and H5 were listed. 80 sequences of M1 of H1N1 H3N2 and H5N1 were used for phylogenetic analysis. There is no reasontantment found in the M1 among these subtypes. Further study is needed to study the differences of the function of M1 among H1N1, H3N2 and H5N1. The M1 of H5N1 may contribute to the high pathogenesis to this virus.

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