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A retrospective study of ocular occurences in domestic animals: 799 cases

DOI: 10.5455/vetworld.2013.274-276

Keywords: breed wise data , domestic animals , eye affections , survey

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Abstract:

Aim: The present study was conducted to determine the approximate prevalence, distribution and different types of ocular disorders in domestic animals. Material and Methods: A retrospective study of ocular affections in domestic animals was conducted at referral veterinary polyclinic, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar from January 2002 to December 2011. The data obtained were analysed after calculating percent of distribution. Results: Totally 799 animals were affected among which Canines and Equines were most commonly affected, followed by Cattle, Buffaloes, Caprines, Felines, Avian and lab animals. Among the disease conditions corneal opacity showed higher incidence and the Caprines and buffaloes were the most affected. Equines and canines highly affected by ocular setariasis and traumatic injury respectively. Cataract incidences were high in spitz breed and cherry eye affect mostly the Neapolitan mastiff. As per age mostly animals of more than 5 years were affected except in Caprines, ages between 1to 5 years were most commonly affected. Left side of the eye was most commonly affected than the right side and fewer incidences were noted in both sides of the eye. Sex wise distribution showed increased incidences of eye diseases in male canines and equines and, female cattle, buffaloes and caprines. Conclusion: Based on this study we concluded that traumatic injury and ocular setariasis are more common in Canines and Equines respectively. [Vet World 2013; 6(5.000): 274-276]

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