Objective: To find out maternal and fetal outcome in induction of labourcompared with expectant management for prelabour rupture of membranes at term. Design: Open randomizedcomparative study. Setting and period: Gynae Unit- II Services Hospital, from 1st April 2007 to 30 September 2007.Patient and methods: 100 patients at > 37 weeks with ruptures membranes with no contraindication to vaginal deliverywere enrolled in the study. 50 patients were in the expectant group while 50 patients were in the induction group.Results: Both groups had the same general characteristics but the Misoprostol group had a significantly shorter latancyperiod (10-16 hour Vs 20-24 hours), shorter period of hospitalization, lesser LSCS rate (24% Vs 34%) lesser need ofaugmentation (40% Vs 62%), choroamnionitis (3% Vs 7.8%), and postpartum fever (1% Vs 1.8%) when compared withexpectant group. Rate of infected wound after LSCS were compared in induction and expectant groups (2.2% Vs2.6%), also there was no difference between them regarding neonatal morbidity and nursery admission. Conclusion:So it was concluded that there was slightly high maternal complications in expectant group but no long-term maternalmorbidity. Both groups have no effect on neonatal morbidity and mortality however the duration between PROM anddelivery effect the neonatal admission in nursery and antibiotic requirements.