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Polarisation basis transformation of weather radar measurements in the power domain

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Abstract:

Polarisation diversity in radar remote sensing proved to be very successful in a variety of applications. Hydrometeors as raindrops or ice crystals are anisotropic radar targets giving rise to the use of polarisation diversity in weather radars. One advanced polarimetric weather radar is DLR's POLDIRAD in Oberpfaffenhofen. The huge data archive of this radar consists mainly of power measurements at diverse polarisation bases. This study investigates the possibility to apply the polarisation basis transformation directly on power measurements. As a result, empirical transfer functions for the change of the polarisation basis of radar reflectivities are derived. To check their validity they are applied to appropriate polarimetric radar data from the POLDIRAD.

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