Objectives: to identify the scientific production on the nursing consultation in oncology and analyze the methodologies used in these papers. Methodology: this is about a bibliographic study was conducted from May to June 2009, in articles published in the twenty-first century (2001-2009), by an electronic search in the database Latin American Literature in Health Sciences (LILACS), Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo) e Medical Literature On-Line (Medline). Met the inclusion criteria of six articles, which were analyzed and discussed according to the literature. Results: the methodological aspects prevailing were: four are research paper, one a report of experience and one convergent-care and all articles are qualitative. Concerning the characteristics of the populations studied, five investigated adult patients and one studied nurses. Regarding the subject of studies, were found three articles that addressed the implementation of nursing consultation, and the other evaluated each nursing consultation itself, its meaning for the patient and the significance for nurses. Conclusion: noticed that the number of publications related to the thematic nursing ambulatory consultation in the oncology practice in Brazil is very low.