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Effect of labour on child body: the comparison of two studies in Izmit

Keywords: Anthropometric assessment , body mass index , height for age , working children , weight for age , Z-scorest

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Abstract:

Aim: The study was carried out to determine the effect of labour on physical growth of children.Material and Method: Data were derived from two different cross-sectional studies conducted on two representative samples of school children and of child workers in Apprenticeship School in Izmit. Data of children with similar ages in both studies were included the analysis. Comparisons were performed between 401 students and 243 child workers between 15-17.9 years old. Some anthropometric indices such as Z scores of height for age, weight for age and body mass index (BMI) were used to compare the working children and the students.Results: In comparison of both height and weight scores, any difference was not found between the two groups aged 15-years. However both indices were lower at 16-17 years old working children than the same aged students (p<0.05). On the other hand, BMI Z scores were not significantly different between the two groups. Conclusions: In conclusion, both height and weight of working children were effected negatively especially in older ages. Working children are shorter and more underweight comparing with the non-working peers. But BMI indice, frequently commended to use for adolescents, couldn’t reveal the negative response of working children. (Turk Arch Ped 2011; 46: 111-7)

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