This research aims to develop a scale to determine elementary school students' attitudes towards the environment. In this research, a total of 360 students of 4th and 5th grades from primary school have been reached by using a method of stratified sample. Two different scales have been developed in this study to determine students’ attitudes towards environment. The first scale has a single-factor structure and consists of 32 items. The second one, the Environmentally Responsible Behavior Scale ( YSD ), is a three-factor structure consisting of 21 items. In the process of developing the scales literature review, by examining the items which have been written in a scale format have been converted to data collection tool. The necessary regulations and pre-application were made as a result of expert opinion, teacher opinion and the negotiations with a group of students in order to determine the suitability of language and expression. According to the exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis the scales have been confirmed as models. The statistical programs SPSS 7.0 and LISREL 8.51 are used for statistical analysis.