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Orí O! A ideia de Pessoa, a Problemática do Destino e o Ritual do B rí entre os Yorùbás e no Candomblé (Orí O! The Idea of Person, the Problematic of Destiny and the Ritual of B rí among the Yorùbá and in Candomblé) - DOI 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2013v11n29p70

DOI: 10.5752/p.2175-5841.2013v11n29p70

Keywords: Yorùbás. Concep o de pessoa. Orí. Predestina o. B rí. Yorùbá. Idea of person. Orí. Predestination. B rí.

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Abstract:

O presente artigo pretende analisar a ideia de pessoa entre os yorùbás da áfrica Ocidental, a partir da conce o de orí, i. e., a cabe a, entendida entre eles como portadora de personalidade e destino, ideia amplamente difundida pela literatura sobre a matéria da personalidade humana e sentidos de destino. A partir do orí, adentrar-se-á pela problemática da predestina o entre os yorùbás e o sentido do ritual de alimento à cabe a, o b rí, entre os yorùbás, com referência aos afro-brasileiros do Candomblé. A problematiza o conduzir-nos-á à constata o da pluralidade interpretativa do objeto, ao mesmo tempo que nos deixará diante da quest o linguística da tradu o dos conceitos, facto que influi na própria constru o teológica. Ao mesmo tempo estaremos diante da constru o histórica da religi o yorùbá, notoriamente uma religi o dinamica e mutável que se fabrica nos diálogos com o cristianismo e islamismo. Processos de transforma o que, aliás, s o transponíveis para o Brasil, onde a celebra o do orí se apresenta de modo diferenciado face à realidade autóctone africana. Palavras-chave: Yorùbás. Concep o de pessoa. Orí. Predestina o. B rí. Abstract The present paper aims to analyze the idea of person among the Yorùbá people of Western Africa, taking into account the conception of orí, i.e., the head, which is understood by them as the bowl of human personality and destiny. Those ideas are clearly present in the plural literature concerning the human personality and its destination among the Yorùbá people. Taking the orí as starting point, I shall problematize the predestination idea among the Yorùbá and the meaning of the b rí, the ritual presented as ‘feeding-the-head’. Such process will be extended to Afro-Brazilian religious system named Candomblé. The problematization will guide my observation to the dramatic plurality of interpretations concerning destiny, while it will spell out the linguistic dilemmas around the translation of concepts. Those dilemmas influence, clearly, the theological construction of the object. At the same time, the paper will deliver us to the evidence of the historical construction of Yorùbá religion, which is a mutable and dynamic religious expression, highly crossed with Christianity and Islam (in African contexts). Those processes of transformation are also clear in Brazil, where the celebration of orí has different religious attitudes comparing to African native ones. Keywords: Yorùbá. Idea of person. Orí. Predestination. B rí.

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