Archeoastronomical field work and research conincided in the 1960s-1990s with the national awakening movement and helped construct a satisfactory history and national identity within the Soviet system. Myths, folklore and mythological motifs were related by people to ancient sky picture and time reconing, the calendar, timekeeping system; holy sites, rock paintings were studied, the symbols and markings were decoded. Art and documentaries on the topic became very powerful media influencing mentality and culture also outside Estonia. Central to the movement were charismatic persons. Research interdisciplinary in its nature was conducted outside of institutions, allowing for liberal choice of topics, interpretations and methods.