Human rights and patent rights are, to a large extent, fields of law that have evolved independently. On the one hand, patent rights consist of statutorily recognized rights, which provide incentives for the participation of the private sector in certain fields and seek to contribute to technological development. Patents are near monopoly rights. This monopoly is offered by society in return for certain concessions such as information disclosure and a limited duration of the rights granted. On the other hand, human rights are fundamental rights, which are recognized by the state but are inherent rights linked to human dignity. Different kinds of links between patent rights and human rights can be identified.