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The Social Cooperation between the European Community and the Countries of the Maghreb

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The objects of this study are the social regulations contained in the accords between the European Communities and the countries of the Maghreb (Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco –according to the conception of community). The social regulations contained in these cooperation accords, concluded in 1976, have as their aim the granting of certainrights to the nationals of the Maghreb States who find themselves exercising legal and salaried activities within the labor markets of the EU member States. The new Euro- Mediterranean association accords limit themselves to addressing what could be considered as the existent “social heritage”, stemming from both the regulations contained therein and, especially, through their extensive interpretation by the Courts: -no discrimination of nationality in the conditions of work, remuneration and dismissal, as well as in matters of social security; -total coverage for the periods of insurance, employment and residence; -free transference of pensions and retirement income, death inheritances, etc. The new Euro-Mediterranean association accords deposit in the hands of organscreated therein all things necessary to develop these regulations. But as a first assessment, of general character and bearing in mind the objectives of the designated Euro- Mediterranean Association, one thing is certain: the regulations in these new accords do not respond to the declarations that social and cultural cooperation would constitute one of the fundamental dimensions of this initiative.


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