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Somatic embryogenesis: A review

Keywords: Somatic embryogenesis , propagation , regeneration , molecular markers

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Abstract:

Somatic embryogenesis (SE) is a process of advancement in vegetative propagation technology for plants, which has a major impact on tree breeding and high value clonal forestry. The production of true to type planting plants with new genetic enhancement is the present day requirement. Genetic approaches, which have not been extensively exploited in this research field, would contribute to a better understanding of the plant developmental course. The rate of multiplication by conventional breeding methods is slow and nature dependant while, micropropagation method could assist in rapid and mass production of clonal stock of newly released improved cultivars. A brief overview on somatic embryogenesis for crop improvement process has been discussed in this review article. The process describes the mass multiplication of new and elite varieties within a short span of time within limited resources.

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