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Relationship Between Maternal Nutritional-Social Status and Pregnancy Outcomes

Keywords: Pregnant women , micronutrient , maternal educational-income level , birth parameters

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The aims of present study were to determine effect of maternal dietary intake and also socio-economical status on outcomes of pregnancy. A cross sectional study in Pune city Maharashtra state (India) was carried out among 156 singleton healthy pregnant women. Directly interview method was accomplished of the pregnant women who were visiting for their monthly check up. During each interview, information was sought concerning the demography background of pregnant women and 24 h diet recall and also food frequency questionnaire. Regression result showed the maternal fish, saturated oil and milk intake significant and positively contributed to birth biometrical parameters. While, unsaturated oil intakes was negatively associated. Moreover, birth size was influenced by maternal income-educational status. Subsequently, polynomial linearity test approved existence of increasing tendency among the variable. The study indicates that maternal dietary consumption can be considered as a reliable predictor of fetal growth. Similarly, educational status has an effect on fetal growth and pregnancy outcome.


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