In this study, epiphytic and saxicolous lichens were studied of the district centre of Arakli and in vicinity in Trabzon province in the Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey. A total of 65 species in 38 genera belonging to Ascomycotina were found. All of these species are new records for the study area. Of these, 18 species are reported for the first time from the province of Trabzon and 2 species, Bacidia absistens (Nyl.) Arnold and Caloplaca nigromarina Vondrak, Arup and Sochting are recorded for the second time from Turkey. Data and accompaning taxa are given for all species while short descriptions are also given for the two species that are found for the second time in Turkey.