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Keywords: Glipizide , Hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose (HPMC) , Viscosity grades

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Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder caused by insufficient production of endogenous insulin, with or without resistance to insulin action, resulting in hyperglycemia. In type 1 diabetes mellitus, there is a failure in production of insulin as a result of destruction of the β cells of the pancreas, and patients require treatment with insulin whereas type 2 diabetes can be characterized by defects in both insulin action (i.e. insulin resistance) and insulin secretion, and is associated with elevated basal hepatic glucose production. Glipizide is a second-generation sulfonylurea that can acutely lower the blood glucose level in humans by stimulating the release of insulin from the pancreas and is typically prescribed to treat type II diabetes. Different formulations were prepared by varying the concentration of HPMC used as polymers. The effect of varying concentration of hydrophilic polymers (HPMC 5cps and 15 cps) was studied on the release pattern of glipizide. Sustained release glipizide matrix tablets were prepared by wet granulation and compression of hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose (5 cps and 15 cps), drug and other excipients mixture. The promising formulation was compared with the marketed sample of suatained release glynase in terms of release pattern. The release rate of a glipizide from matrix tablet was decreased with increasing the concentration as well as viscosity polymer. This might be probably due to increased swelling and reduced erosion rate of matrix tablet. The formulation 13 (F13) showed the similar result as marketed sample of sustained release glynase tablets in terms of release rate.


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