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Molecules  2012 

Key to Xenobiotic Carotenoids

DOI: 10.3390/molecules17032877

Keywords: carotenoids, xanthophylls, fluorocarotenoids, chlorocarotenoids, bromocarotenoids, iodocarotenoids, silicon carotenoids, nitrogen carotenoids, sulfur carotenoids, selenium carotenoids, iron carotenoids

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A listing of carotenoids with heteroatoms (X = F, Cl, Br, I, Si, N, S, Se, Fe) directly attached to the carotenoid carbon skeleton has been compiled. The 178 listed carotenoids with C,H,X atoms demonstrate that the classical division of carotenoids into hydrocarbon carotenoids (C,H) and xanthophylls (C,H,O) has become obsolete.


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