The paper deals with the pathogenic wood-decaying fungi on woody plants in China. One hundred and fifty-two species have been recorded, of which 49 species (accounting for 34% of the total pathogenic species) are firstly reported as pathogenic fungi in China. Their host, type of rot, occurrence and distribution were given according to field inventories. Among these fungi, 135 species (accounting for 89%) cause a white rot, while 17 species resulted in a brown rot. Among these fungi 67, 33 and 52 species belong to common, occasional and rare species respectively.