China has a vast area with various natural conditions in climate, geography and ecology etc. The resources of edible fungi are rich and widely distribute throughout the country. Mycological research in recent years discovered that many edible fungi possess pharmaceutical value and are called "healthy food". Out of these pharmaceutical fungi, about 100 species are recognized to have anticancer property.In this paper 657 species of wild edible fungi are recorded which belong to 132 genera of 41 families. Among them, 620 species (94.4%) are Basidiomycetes. 37 species (5.6%) are Ascomycetes. All of them are macrofungi belonging to the families such as Tricholomotaceae, Russulaceae, Boletaceae, Agaricaceae, Pleurotaceae, Clavariaceae, Cortinariaceae, Strophariaceae, Hygrophoriaceae, Morchellaceae, Cantharellaceae, Hydnaceae, Polyporaceae etc.According to their habitat, these wild edible fungi may be grouped into the following types: lignicolous 138 species; geophilous 128; coprophilous 9; entomophilous 12 and ectomycorrhizal 352.